THE Morrison Government’s JobKeeper payment is designed to help businesses affected by the coronavirus to cover the costs of their employees’ wages, so more employees can retain their jobs and continue to earn an income.
A Supporting businesses to retain jobs fact sheet on the Treasury Department website says under the payment scheme, businesses significantly impacted by the coronavirus outbreak will be able to access a subsidy from the government to continue paying their employees. This assistance will help businesses to keep people in their jobs and re-start when the crisis is over.
For employees, this means they can keep their job and earn an income – even if their hours have been cut.
The JobKeeper payment is a temporary scheme which will also be available to the self-employed.
The government will provide $1500 a fortnight per employee for up to six months.
The payment will support employers to maintain their connection to their employees.
These connections will enable business to reactivate their operations quickly – without having to rehire staff – when the crisis is over.
Employers (including not-for-profits) will be eligible for the subsidy if:
- their business has a turnover of less than $1 billion and their turnover will be reduced by more than 30 per cent relative to a comparable period a year ago (of at least a month); or
- their business has a turnover of $1 billion or more and their turnover will be reduced by more than 50 per cent relative to a comparable period a year ago (of at least a month); and
- the business is not subject to the Major Bank Levy.
Employers must elect to participate in the scheme.
They will need to make an application to the Australian Taxation Office (ATO) and provide supporting information demonstrating a downturn in their business.
In addition, employers must report the number of eligible employees employed by the business on a monthly basis.
Eligible employers will receive the payment for each eligible employee that was on their books on March 1 and continues to be engaged by that employer – including full-time, part-time, long-term casuals and stood down employees.
Casual employees eligible for the JobKeeper payment are those employees who have been with their employer on a regular basis for at least the previous 12 months as at March 1.
To be eligible, an employee must be an Australian citizen, the holder of a permanent visa, a protected special category visa holder, a non-protected special category visa holder who has been residing continually in Australia for 10 years or more, or a special category (subclass 444) visa holder.
Eligible employers who have stood down their employees before the commencement of this scheme will be able to participate.
Employees that are re-engaged by a business that was their employer on March 1 will also be eligible.
In circumstances where an employee is accessing support though Services Australia because they have been stood down or had their hours reduced and the employer will be eligible for the JobKeeper payment, the employee will need to advise Services Australia of their new income.
Self-employed individuals will be eligible to receive the JobKeeper payment where they have suffered or expect to suffer a 30 per cent decline in turnover relative to a comparable prior period (of at least a month).
Where employees have multiple employers – only one employer will be eligible to receive the payment.
The employee will need to notify their primary employer to claim the JobSeeker payment on their behalf.
The claiming of the tax free threshold will in most cases be sufficient notification that an employer is the employee’s primary employer.
Eligible employers will be paid $1500 a fortnight per eligible employee.
Eligible employees will receive, at a minimum, $1500 a fortnight, before tax, and employers are able to top-up the payment.
Where employers participate in the scheme, their employees will receive this payment as follows:
- If an employee ordinarily receives $1500 or more in income a fortnight before tax, they will continue to receive their regular income according to their prevailing workplace arrangements. The JobKeeper payment will assist their employer to continue operating by subsidising all or part of the income of their employee(s).
- If an employee ordinarily receives less than $1500 in income a fortnight before tax, their employer must pay their employee, at a minimum, $1500 a fortnight, before tax.
- If an employee has been stood down, their employer must pay their employee, at a minimum, $1500 a fortnight, before tax.
- If an employee was employed on March 1, subsequently ceased employment with their employer, and then has been re-engaged by the same eligible employer, the employee will receive, at a minimum, $1500 a fortnight, before tax.
It will be up to the employer if they want to pay superannuation on any additional wage paid because of the JobKeeper payment.
Payments will be made to the employer monthly in arrears by the ATO.
The subsidy will start on March 30, with the first payments to be received by employers in the first week of May.
Businesses will be able to register their interest in participating in the payment from March 30 on the ATO website.
The payment is expected to cost $130 billion across 2019-20 and 2020-21.
Melissa is a sole trader running a florist.
She does not have employees.
Melissa’s business has been in operation for several years.
The economic downturn due to the coronavirus has adversely affected Melissa’s business, and she expects that her business turnover will fall by more than 30 per cent compared to a typical month in 2019.
Melissa will be able to apply for the JobKeeper payment and would receive $1500 a fortnight before tax, paid on a monthly basis.
Worker with multiple jobs:
Michelle currently works two permanent part-time jobs, at an art gallery during weekdays and at the local café on the weekend.
Due to the impact of the coronavirus, the gallery has closed and Michelle has been stood down without pay under the Fair Work Act.
Michelle continues to work at the café delivering take-away orders.
She can only receive the JobKeeper payment once, from the employer from whom she nominates as her primary employer.
As Michelle only claims the tax free threshold from her job at the art gallery, this will be treated as her nomination of the art gallery as her primary employer.
The art gallery is eligible for the JobKeeper payment.
The art gallery will pass the JobKeeper payment on to Michelle, so she will receive $1500 a fortnight before tax.
During the application process, the art gallery will notify the ATO that Michelle receives the payment from them.
The art gallery is also required to advise Michelle that she has been nominated to the ATO as an eligible employee to receive the payment.
The café is not eligible to receive the JobKeeper payment for Michelle.
The income that Michelle receives from her job at the café does not change her entitlement to the JobKeeper payment she receives from the art gallery.
Employee made redundant after March 1:
Miles worked as a permanent part-time personal trainer at a gym for six months and was made redundant on March 20 in response to the government directive that gyms close.
He was not entitled to redundancy pay due to his length of service.
In response to the announcement of the JobKeeper payment, the gym decides they want to re-engage Miles so they are well placed to resume their operations once the coronavirus restrictions are lifted.
After being made redundant, Miles had registered an intent to claim with Services Australia for access to the JobSeeker payment and the Coronavirus supplement.
Miles is single, with no children and in total he would be eligible to receive $1124.50 before tax a fortnight.
If Miles chooses to be re-hired by the gym, under the JobKeeper payment he will receive $1500 a fortnight before tax while he is stood down.
Miles will need to advise Services Australia of his income.
He is no longer eligible for the Coronavirus supplement from Services Australia as a result of receiving the JobKeeper payment.
Employer with five employees who all get paid more than $1500 a fortnight:
Sara runs a landscaping company and employs five full-time gardeners.
Sara is paying her employees $1700 per fortnight before tax.
She expects that her turnover will decline by more than 30 per cent over the coming months and that she will either need to lay staff off, or reduce their wages significantly.
As a result of the JobKeeper payment, Sara will be able to keep employing every gardener, and only needs to pay the $200 wage cost per fortnight before tax per employee above the $1500 a fortnight (before tax) JobKeeper payment.